In general, persons with diabetes either have a total lack of insulin(type 1 diabetes) or they have inadequate insulin or cannot use insulin effectively (type 2 diabetes).
- Type 1 diabetes (formerly called juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes), makes up about 5 to 10 out of 100 persons who have diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body’s disease fighting capability damages the cells that launching insulin, eventually reducing insulin development from the body. Without insulin, cells cannot absorb sugars (glucose), that they need to produce energy.
- Type 2 diabetes (formerly called adult-onset or perhaps non-insulin-dependent diabetes) can form at any age. It mostly becomes obvious during adulthood. But type 2 diabetes in children is rising. Type 2 diabetes makes up about the vast majority of folks who have diabetes-90 to 95 out of 100 persons. In type 2 diabetes, your body neglects to use insulin the proper way. This is called insulin level of resistance. As type 2 diabetes gets worse, the pancreas may make less and less insulin. That is called insulin deficiency.
How are they alike?
Both types of diabetes greatly increase a person’s risk for a variety of serious complications. Although monitoring and controlling the disease can avoid complications, diabetes remains the leading reason behind blindness and kidney failure. In addition, it continues to be a crucial risk factor for cardiovascular disease, stroke, and a foot or leg amputations.