Heart attack at young age is the biggest jeopardy. The disease has never been suspected in the first place, most of the patients assume its symptoms wrongly to be “gas” or “muscle” pain. In many cases, patients neglect the symptoms instead visit their nearby pharmacy for some over-the-counter medication. Sometimes, sadly, even doctors ignore the symptoms and don’t take an ECG which is a diagnostic tool to detect a heart attack.
With the fact that muscles around the heart cannot survive more than a few minutes while lacking oxygenated blood, these patients lose the heart pumping capacity as a segment of their heart muscle is injured permanently.
What breaks young hearts?
In old age people, almost all heart attacks are caused by atherosclerotic blockages in coronary arteries. Conventional coronary artery disease also noticeable in young adults, resulting in about 80% of heart attacks. Reasons behind Heart Attack in adults;
- Single coronary artery disease.
- Inborn abnormalities in the anatomy of a coronary artery.
- Blood clots that emerge from elsewhere and are carried out in the bloodstream to normal coronary arteries in another way, where they block the artery.
- Inflammation or Spasm of the coronary arteries, amphetamines, chest trauma, and abuse of cocaine, radiation therapy for chest tumors, or other drugs.
Heart Attacks are uncommon in women:
Estrogen the sex hormone is the lifesaver for females. Estrogen has various favorable effects on cardiovascular health, lowering LDL (Bad) cholesterol and increasing HDL (Good) cholesterol. Estrogen is also an antioxidant which offsets toxic chemicals. As a result heart attack become uncommon in women but before menopause.
Warning signs of heart attack:
- Chest discomfort that feels like fullness, pressure, or a squeezing pain that lasts up to a or more than a few minutes or goes away and comes back.
- Discomfort and pain that goes above your chest to other parts of the upper body, like one or both arms, or your back, teeth, neck, stomach, and jaw
- Sudden unexplained breath shortness, with or without any chest discomfort
Other symptoms, such as:
- Cold sweats
- Nausea or vomiting
- Anxiety or Indigestion
- Unexplained fatigue
Additional symptoms in women:
- Neck, shoulder, upper back, or abdominal pain
The risk factors for a heart attack include:
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Poor diet
- Being overweight or obese
- Inactive lifestyle
- Excessive drinking
To prevent your risk of a heart attack:
- Control your weight if you’re obese or come under the overweight category.
- Quit smoking and minimize your exposure to second-hand smoke.
- Control your high blood cholesterol and high blood pressure by revising your diet, lose weight, take proper medication, or follow a combination of these things.
- Stay physically active all the time.
- In the case of diabetes, take good care by sticking to prescribed treatment and managing your blood sugar.
- Tame your stress by practicing yoga, relaxation techniques or try talk therapy.
- Limit consumption of alcohol.
- Find a doctor and get regular medical check-ups done.
- Follow a healthy and balanced diet, rich in different vitamins and minerals.